Miburo, a US-based consulting company, has published a detailed overview of the Russian propaganda and disinformation ecosystem—media networks, outlets, and websites directly funded by Russia, linked to its intelligence services, or amplify Russian propaganda. According to a Miburo report:
February 15, 2022 In April 2021, our team published an overview of the Russian propaganda and disinformation ecosystem—the media networks, outlets, and websites that often toe the Kremlin line, spread Russian propaganda or disinformation, and even, in some cases, take direction from Russian intelligence services or the Russian state. While our 2021 chart was imperfect, it attempted to outline the environment in which Russian propaganda and disinformation flourish online and target audiences around the globe. In this updated 2022 chart, we’ve added elements to better reflect several components of Russia’s sustained propaganda and disinformation campaigns. The new depiction further illustrates the breadth and depth of outlets linked to Russian intelligence services and offers a global context for the Kremlin’s information operations. We’ve also color-coded each of the outlets’ primary language in our chart. Amid Russia’s military buildup at Ukraine’s borders and recent reports from the U.S. and allies of Moscow’s plans to use disinformation as a pretense for an expanded incursion into Ukraine, we’re providing a broader, more comprehensive view of the channels through which such disinformation flows.
Read the full report here.
The Miburo report reveals that Russia’s Federal Security Service (FSB), its Foreign Intelligence Service (SVR), and its Military Intelligence (GRU) are linked to propaganda websites such as Odnarodyna, Fondsk, Antifashist, Politnavigator, or Donbasstrategy. The report also highlights the role of Russian oligarchs, Kremlin associates, and anonymous influencers within the Russian propaganda ecosystem.
In January, the Global Influence Operations Report recommended a US Government report on the role of Russian state-funded outlets RT and Sputnik within the Russian propaganda ecosystem.