Millî Görüş is a Turkish political movement whose aim is to transform Turkey into an Islamic state. The movement was founded in 1969 by former Turkish Prime Minister Necmettin Erbakan, who, until his death, headed the Islamist Felicity Party in Turkey. The ideology and political agenda of Millî Görüş called for an end to the secular regime in Turkey through education and preaching as opposed to violent jihad. In Germany, Millî Görüş operates as the Islamische Gemeinschaft Millî Görüş (IGMG), which oversees the work of Millî Görüş chapters in at least 12 European countries and states that it has over 127,000 members worldwide. Der Spiegel reported that between 2004–2009, IGMG officers funneled at least €9.5 million to the Felicity Party.