OBC Transeuropa, a think tank focused on South-East Europe, Turkey, and the Caucasus, published a report last month on increasing EU efforts to combat foreign disinformation, emphasizing the threat posed by Russia. According to the report:
December 15, 2020 Over the last years, the EU has progressively strengthened its commitment to fighting disinformation and its political effects. Although there are many actors that produce and spread disinformation and misinformation for economic as well as for power-seeking reasons, the EU appears to be especially worried about the threats coming from Russia. Top officials and institutions based in Brussels have explicitly recognised the Russian government as a dangerous actor regularly engaging in information war, capable of poisoning the public debates and interfering in electoral processes as well as in crisis management. Interestingly, the Russian government has not publicly confirmed nor denied its involvement in cases of disinformation. As a matter of fact, during the last decade the Kremlin has shown an increased interest for the opportunities offered by Vladimir Putin’s peculiar definition of “soft power”, intended as a diversified strategy for attaining influence – both domestically and abroad – thanks to the convenient use of information and intelligence. This concept is consistent with the “information confrontation” doctrine elaborated since the 1990s by one of Putin’s military advisors, Vladimir Pirumov.
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Other relevant Global Influence Operations Report (GIOR) reporting has included a December 2020 report on the growing issue of disinformation about the US election in Europe and a December 2020 report on an EU digital initiative to fight disinformation, focusing on election integrity.