The Jamaat-e-Isla­mi (JEI) was found­ed in 1941 and is Pakistan’s old­est reli­gious par­ty. The par­ty had its ori­gins in the thoughts of Maulana Sayyid Abul A’la Maudu­di (1903–79), the most impor­tant Islamist intel­lec­tu­al in the his­to­ry of South­east Asia. Maudu­di was also a major influ­ence on the Glob­al Mus­lim Broth­er­hood, with whom the JEI has long enjoyed close rela­tions.